Written by Garnet McPherson
What are Organic and Eco Textiles?
Organic and eco textiles cover a wide range of natural and recycled fibers. ‘Organic textiles’ are grown in controlled settings without using toxic pesticides and herbicides. They are certified by the international governing body (Skal). The term ‘eco textiles’ refers to a select group of textiles that have a reduced carbon, energy and the best site pollution impact, when compared to the conventional methods used to produce textiles and to manufacture clothing. Eco textiles do not require pesticides or herbicides to grow, use less water requiring less energy to produce. The result is a great reduction of waste and pollution.
Fibres and Processes
Bamboo: Bamboo is the world’s fastest growing grass and as a grass, some shoots are able to grow up to 36 inches in a24 hour period. It grows to maturity for harvest in approximately six months and does not require chemicals during growth as it’s naturally disease and pest resistant. Bamboo has a natural ability to breathe and how to get cialis in canada wick away moisture. Another positive is its luxurious finish. After processing, the bamboo fibre does not contain any harmful chemicals (as per the Okeo-Tex 100 standard - the global testing and accreditation system for the www.oldgaffers.nl screening of harmful substances within consumer textiles).
Soy: Soy fibre is derived from food production waste as it is made from the hulls of soy beans. Sometimes called the “vegetable cashmere”, soy is soft, easy to care for and absorbs dyes quickly, requiring less dye-stuffs.
Organic Cotton: Cotton is one of the most popular fabrics in the world. It has been conventionally grown on a large scale with the mass use of toxic pesticides, herbicides and synthetic fertilizers. The chemicals used in conventional cotton production are some of the most harmful in the world. Cotton that is 100% certified organic is certified by Skal. Organic cotton is useful in textile production due to its natural wicking properties, absorption of dye colour and its ability to stabilize other eco fibres.
Hemp: Hemp is often considered an environmental “super fibre” as it requires no pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers and needs very little water to grow. It’s a high-yield crop with a short growth cycle of100 days and it produces significantly more fibre per acre than either cotton or flax. Hemp's tensile strength is eight times that of cotton fibre which accounts for its historical use in sails and we choice rope for the British and American Navies. Fabrics made from hemp are absorbent and extremely durable as well as hypo-allergenic and non-irritating to the skin. Current tests indicate that hemp is able to kill staph and other bacteria that come into contact with its surface.
Recycled Polyester: Polyethylene terephthalate, or simply PET, is the most common polyester used for recycled polyester fibre. It’s the same plastic material used for making soft drink bottles. Recycling PET by re-melting and extruding it as a new fibre, saves raw materials and reduces energy consumption in the short term. Recycled polyesters are popular because they are durable, fire-retardant, easy to clean and http://cfaecentro-oeste.pt/index.php/cheap-viagra-free-shipping/ inexpensive. PET adds stability when blended with other fibres. However we are not sure if we like these fibres coming into contact with human skin and to date there is no information available regarding their off gassing of volatile organic compounds or other harmful gases.
Dyes: We like natural dyes even though there are not that many choices of colour available. Non-azo dyes are the least toxic industrial dyes on the market today. Currently, it is not possible to use these dyes in large-scale production due to their limited range of colours. To bring you the visit our site broadest range of colours, many manufactures still use non-azo dyes. Many of the so-called “natural dyes” have large environmental footprints because they use heavy metals as “mordants” (the substance which helps dye adhere to fabric), which are more toxic than non-azo dyes.
One manufacturer that has been doing a great job considering both the social and the environmental impacts of their products is Me Two We Organic Fashions.